Once upon a time there was a master weaver named Sage Markanda who used to weave for Gods. He even wove a tissue from the petals of the lotus flower. He knew the most favorite fabric of all Gods – he knew Lord Shiva liked cotton and Lord Vishnu liked silk. His expertise was passed on to his descendents which are now considered as Kanchi Silk Weavers.
That’s the story of origin of Kanchipuram Silk Sarees. Those Kanchi Silk Weavers are considered to be the ones behind the existence of this kind of Sarees. Kanchipuram Silk Sarees are no normal sarees. They are hand-woven in the town named Kanchipuram in India. The land of Kanchipuram is known as the temple city or the city of thousand temples.
According to the History, the city Kanchipuram came into popularity 400 years back when two weaving communities – the Saligars and the Devangas migrated to the city from a neighboring state. These two communities were already popular for their silk weaving skills and silk was really very popular in this town and gradually Kanchipuram became the mother of Kanchipuram Silk Sarees.
In south India, these sarees are considered very special. Being an integral part of South Indian weddings, Kanchipuram Sarees hold a luxurious status. The sarees are considered special for their superior and rare color combinations. These sarees cost anywhere between Rs. 2500 – Rs. 1,00,000 depending upon the kind of work that goes into the saree.
Preparation of Kanchipuram Silk Sarees
These sarees are hand woven from pure mulberry silk thread. The native industries of Kanchipuram are only into manufacturing the sarees not the raw material. The main raw materials that go into Kanchipuram Sarees are – mulberry silk threads, metallic threads (Zari) and dyes.
The Kanchipuram Sarees usually have three parts – body, border and pallu. Three shuttles i.e. three single threads of silk yarn and zari are used to weave a Kanchipuram Saree. One more unique thing about these sarees is that the design of border and body are usually quite different but are in contrast. In case, the shade of the pallu is different from border and body, it is woven separately and then carefully attached to the saree.
Themes and motifs of Kanchipuram Silk Sarees
Nowadays, people have been showing lots of creativity when it comes to the Kanchipuram Sarees. Motifs like chariots, peacocks, lions, coins, parrots, mangoes etc can been seen on such sarees.
Though the Kanchipuram Saree industry in Kanchipuram is facing a big crunch due to increase in raw material and production cost, ladies have been loving Kanchipuram Silk Sarees more and more. In fact, one Kanchipuram Saree is considered a must in an Indian Woman’s wardrobe.
Do you have a Kanchipuram Silk Saree?
This is a part of our endeavor to highlight the rich culture of India. We already talked about Bhagalpuri Silk And Banarasi Sarees and would come up with more such posts that highlight Indian culture and rich Indian History.
Source: This Blog